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Blood & Cardiovascular System Objectives

Ch. 10 Blood
  1. Indicate the composition and volume of whole blood.
  2. Describe the composition of plasma and discuss its importance in the body.
  3. List the cell types making up the formed elements and describe the major functions of each type.
  4. Define anemia, polycythemia, leukopenia, and leukocytosis, and list possible causes for each condition.
  5. Explain the role of the hemocytoblast.
  6. Describe the blood-clotting process.
  7. Name some factors that may inhibit of enhance the blood-clotting process.
  8. Describe the ABO and Rh blood groups.
  9. Explain the basis for a transfusion reaction.
  10. Explain the basis of physiologic jaundice seen in some newborn babies.
  11. Indicate blood disorders that increase in frequency in the aged.

Ch. 11 Cardiovascular System

  1. Describe the location of the heart in the body and identify its major anatomical areas on an appropriate model or diagram.
  2. Trace the pathway of blood through the heart.
  3. Compare the pulmonary and systemic circuits.
  4. Explain the operation of the heart valves.
  5. Name the functional blood supply of the heart.
  6. Name the elements of the intrinsic conduction system of the heart and describe the pathway of impulses through this system.
  7. Define systole, diastole, stroke volume, and cardiac cycle.
  8. Define heart sounds and murmur.
  9. Explain what information can be gained from an electrocardiogram.
  10. Describe the effect of the following on heart rate: stimulation by the vagus nerve, exercise, epinephrine, and various ions.
  11. Compare and contrast the structure and function of arteries, veins, and capillaries.
  12. Identify the body's major arteries and veins and name the body region supplied by each.
  13. Discuss the unique features of special circulations of the body: arterial circulation of the brain, hepatic portal circulation, and fetal circulation.
  14. Define blood pressure and pulse and name several pulse points.
  15. List factors affecting and/or determining blood pressure.
  16. Define hypertension and atherosclerosis and describe possible health consequences of these conditions.
  17. Describe the exchanges that occur across capillary walls.
  18. Describe briefly the development of the cardiovascular system.
  19. Name the fetal vascular modifications, or "fetal shunts," and describe their function before birth.
  20. Explain how regular exercise and a diet low in fats and cholesterol may help maintain cardiovascular health.
Blood & Circulatory System